Spica Singapore


80 Anson Road
#28-01 Fuji Xerox Towers
Singapore 079907

Phone: (65) 6225 5711
Fax: (65) 6221 2053
Email: claims@spica.com.sg

After Office Hours Contact:

Dughall Aitken
(65) 9625 8986

Thomas Yan
(65) 9737 4580

Thomas Larsen
(65) 9155 7719

Abdul Rahman
(65) 9679 8503

Ahmad Jailani Johari
(65) 9817 9250

Aung Myo Myat Naing
(65) 9731 2195

Shivani Raswan
(65) 9297 0690

Mani Vanan
(65) 9169 6800


Due to the Corona virus, our office is closed, but we are all working from home and available to answer via email any queries in the same manner as always. In the event of an emergency, please call our mobile phones instead of the office.

CORONA Virus – updated 22 September 2020

We bring the latest information provided by the SSA (Singapore). For Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Thailand we refer to the respective pages. At present, we have not heard of similar formal (maritime) measures in Myanmar. We will continue to monitor.


Source: SSA


The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) has issued Port Marine Circular No. 038 of 2020. PMC 38 supersedes MPA Port Marine Circular No. 36 of 2020 (PMC36).

Some of the key enhancements are:

For Sign-On Crew:

o   The crew must have a negative result from COVID-19 test (polymerase chain reaction (PCR) type) taken at a government-approved or ISO 15189-accredited testing facility not more than 72 hours prior to departure to Singapore

o   Crew who have recovered from COVID-19 must submit documentary proof of his/her past diagnosis of COVID-19 based on the earliest positive PCR test result. The guidelines are as follows:

  1. If the date of the positive PCR test result is 21 days or fewer before the date of arrival in Singapore, he/she will not be approved for crew change.
  2. If the date of the positive PCR test result is between 22 to 90 days before the date of arrival in Singapore, the recovered crew need not serve the SHN at his/her originating country/region and  take  a COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours before departure for Singapore.
  3. If the date of the positive PCR test result is between 91 to 180 days before the date of arrival in Singapore, he/she must serve a 14-day SHN at his/her originating country/region.The recovered crew need not take a COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours before departure for Singapore, but if he/she develops symptoms during the SHN period, he/she must be tested for COVID-19.
  4. If the positive PCR test result is more than 180 days before the date of arrival in Singapore, he/she must serve a 14-day SHN at his/her originating country and take a COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours before departure for Singapore.

For Sign-off Crew:

o   The crew must not have gone ashore in the last 14 days   before disembarking the ship and has remained well throughout that period.

o   The crew must be certified fit-to-travel by a doctor in Singapore not more than 24 hours before disembarking the ship.

o   MPA will facilitate pre-departure COVID-19 PCR testing for sign-off crew in Singapore in accordance with the prevailing national policy.

Ship owners/managers/agents will bear the cost of the COVID-19 tests of their crew, where applicable.


Port Marine Circular (PMC) 035

Please be aware of the latest and recent (24 Aug) PMC in Singapore, no. 035, that will likely have an impact on many shipping operations. In light of the evolving Covid-19 situation in Singapore any attendance on board vessels in Singapore (surveyor, superintendents, repair crews, etc.) requires from 24 August 2020, 3 days advanced notice to the MPA following PMC 035. It needs to include (a) name of vessel, (b) name of service provider, (c) purpose for visit, (d) name and contact number of person attending, (e) ETA + estimated duration on board, and (f) Safe Management Measures (SMM) of the service provider.

Should the situation dictate necessary and immediate attention on board, we strongly encourage the Member to contact us immediately (do not wait) so we can initiate communication with the MPA about attending on board if necessary.


Starting 24 July 2020, the MPA has tightened the requirements for crew change in Singapore. Owners need to be particular observant of the 14 days notice period. Further guidance can be found in Port Marine Circulars (PMC) 26 and 27.

MPA has designated 2 facilities, available from 2 July, to accommodate crew who are unable to transfer directly to his/her vessel or flight. They may stay at the facility in Singapore for a maximum of 48 hours. This means that ships, after signing off its crew and obtaining port clearance, need not remain in port until the sign-off crew have departed Singapore. Ship managers/agents shall be responsible for ensuring that the crew change is effected according to MPA’s requirements.

The following Border Restrictions are in place.

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) has implemented temperature screening at all sea checkpoints, including ferry and cruise terminals, PSA Terminals and Jurong Port, for inbound travellers since 24 January 2020, 1200pm.

Travellers and ship crew arriving at sea checkpoints will undergo temperature screening conducted by on-site healthcare assistants. Suspect cases will be referred to the hospitals for further assessment.

There are health advisories at the sea checkpoints to advise travellers and ship crew on the precautionary measures to take when travelling, as well as to remain vigilant and always adopt good hygiene practices.

MPA has taken the following enhanced measures for vessels arriving Singapore:

  1. Crew members are advised to take their temperature twice daily;
  2. All crew members are advised to maintain good hygiene in accommodation areas by cleaning frequently touched surfaces (e.g. desks, door handles, switches, telephones, etc).
  3. Shipmasters should isolate unwell crew and passengers.
  4. Shipmasters are required to report unwell crew/passengers to MPA and NEA’s Port Health Office (PHO) and make the necessary arrangements to seek medical attention.
  5. Shipmasters should follow the National Environment Agency’s (NEA) guidance for disinfecting common areas and rooms.

All suspected cases of COVID-19 crew/passengers will be assessed and/or tested for COVID-19. If there is a confirmed case of COVID-19 on board any vessel, PHO will quarantine the vessel at a designated anchorage or wharf, and in consultation with MOH provide the quarantine requirements for the crew and passengers. During the quarantine period, operations will not be allowed until the quarantine is lifted. If there is a need for any critical operation, PHO’s approval will be required and all persons working onboard will be required to don the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) which may include surgical gowns, masks and gloves.

If there are no confirmed cases of COVID-19 on board vessels, there is no restriction on operations.

Members are referred PMC No. 16 of 2020 on the National Environment Agency’s (Port Health Office) requirements to submit the Maritime Declaration of Health to the Port Health Office. All arriving vessels are required to submit the following documents to the Port Health Unit/Central Regional Office 12 hours before arrival:

a) The Maritime Declaration of Health Form; b) Crew list / Passenger list; c) Current copy of Ship Sanitation Certificates; and d) Last 10 ports of call list; e) List of all passengers & crew members with temperature above 37.5 degree Celsius.

The stated documents must be submitted regardless whether there are any sick passengers or crew on board.

The master of the ship is to conduct temperature checks for all passengers and crew members no earlier than 2 hours before arrival and provide the list of passengers/crew members with temperature measured above 37.5 degree Celsius to Port Health Office, National Environment Agency.


IFC Shipping Advisory – Observations on the Shift in Sea Theft and Attempted Actions Incidents to Northwest of Bintan (Within the Singapore Strait)

The spate of incidents occurred in Singapore Strait to the northwest of Bintan after a lull period between mid of May to Jun. All three incidents involved east-bound vessels with low freeboards (between 4.5 to 6.5 m) and transiting at slow speeds (between 7 to 10 knots). IFC observed that the area of concern has shifted easterly from East Karimun and North Batam to Northwest of Bintan. These incidents also occurred during the night where there was minimal illumination from the moon. All the incidents occurred within the hours of darkness between 2300 (UTC +8) to 0600 (UTC +8).

Ships should apply the appropriate security measures that are mentioned in the Tugs and Barge Guide, Guide for Tankers Operating in Asia, and/or Regional Guide to Counter Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia. 3. Ship masters should also be aware and refer to the Maritime Security Charts Q6112 and Q6113, both published by the UK Hydrographic Office

Source: Courtesy of IFC


Under Singapore’s Environmental Public Health Regulations, exhaust gas cleaning residues generated by ships are classified as toxic industrial waste. Ships that wish to dispose exhaust gas cleaning residues in Singapore are required to dispose the residues to toxic industrial waste collectors licensed under the Environmental Public Health (Toxic Industrial Waste) Regulations.

The discharge of wash water from open-loop scrubbers is prohibited in Port of Singapore. This is to maintain Singapore Port’s marine water quality standard. While in the Port of Singapore, vessels fitted with hybrid type of scrubbers should switch to the closed-loop mode of operation. As for vessels fitted with open-loop scrubbers, they would need to switch over to compliant fuel instead.

Thomas Yan is Spica’s Head of Claims, having worked for the company for 30 years, Thomas handles all major claims and has overall responsibility for the management of all Spica’s claims handling teams. Prior to joining Spica Thomas was at sea and also worked as a marine surveyor. Thomas is one of Spica’s founders. Dughall Aitken is the Company Chief Executive and handles major casualty work for the company in Singapore and supervises the handling of all major claims regionally. Before joining Spica, Dughall worked for A.P. Moller, completing assignments in Maersk’s Ro-Ro, Offshore and Deep Water fleets. Thomas Larsen has joined Spica Services from an IG P&I Club, as the Regional Claims Manager. In addition to his Group P&I experience, Thomas is also a qualified lawyer and has a degree in dispute resolution. Thomas’ responsibilities are for the management of all regional claims teams, and for the introduction of improved claims handling processes and procedures. Thomas will also supervise all major claims throughout the region. Abdul Rahman bin Hussein has been with Spica 26 years, joining following a career at sea, and ashore with a well-known Marine Survey firm. Rahman has experience handling all types of claims, but specializes in tanker and general cargo claims, on behalf of all Clubs. Ahmad Jailani bin Johari has been with Spica for 14 years. Following 8 years sailing experience on board various types of tankers, bulkers general cargo vessels, latterly as Chief Officer. Jai has worked ashore with various ship owners, managers and operators within a large government linked Singaporean company, in various management positions. He then joined a regional ferry and offshore company in rising to Chartering Manager, following which he brought his substantial experience and skill-set to Spica Services. Aung Myo Myat Naing joined Spica 7 years ago, after 3 years at sea with Hyundai Merchant Marine, sailing on board cape size bulk carriers as a 2nd officer. Since joining Spica Services, he has been handling claims involving cargo/container claims, cargo quantity/quality disputes for tankers, collision, sinking, grounding, fire, oil pollution, recovery claims, etc. As a Myanmar national, Aung also has responsibility as Country Manager for Spica Services’ Myanmar Branch Office. Shivani Raswan is a qualified lawyer having six years relevant experience of practice in commercial/contract laws. After perusing her Masters in Maritime law with distinction in Marine Insurance from the National University of Singapore, she completed internships with renowned law firms in Singapore, such as Gurbani & Co., Joseph Tan & Jude Benny and Rajah & Tan. She is experienced in handling various marine/P&I claims such as cargo claims, containers/carrying equipment claims, ports’ liabilities and crew claims, but specializes in Transport Liability claims.

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